An exploration of violence, mental health and substance abuse in post-conflict Guatemala. The bill would order the release within 24 hours of more than 30 men, most of them from the military, convicted of rape, forced disappearance and massacres. It would also release those in custody pending trial and shut down all current and future court cases. She and 35 other Maya Achi women are pursuing a court case against six men for raping them inside a military base in the early 1980s. Some of the victims of the March 8, 2017 fire in the Hogar Seguro Virgen de la Asuncion shelter had run away from home, fleeing abuse and sexual assault by relatives. Early in the morning, people gathered to commemorate the second anniversary of a fire in a state-run shelter facility.
- A majority of presidential tickets included women as running mates, and the country elected its first female vice president.
- In accordance with national policies support the development and implementation of national and local plans against violence.
- Since the dawn of colonisation in Guatemala, lucrative farmland, political connections, and industrial might have been maintained—by force when necessary—by the ladinos.
- Women’s organizations have a strong participation and incidence in the drafting of public policies and in monitoring the national budget, and also national policies on women.
Special attention will be given to the Municipal Offices for Women – OMM – to respond to women’s demands at the municipal level and responsible for the promotion of women’s participation and development planning. Maya women in Guatemala face what is known as three-pronged discrimination—they are indigenous, they are poor, and they are women. It is extremely rare for marginalised indigenous women to contact the police or hire a lawyer if they are a survivor of sexual assault or interfamilial violence. Carmen married at a young age and had a son, but soon realised her husband drank too much.
Four in five are poor, and they are nearly three times as likely to live in extreme poverty than others in the country, according to the World Bank. “We are discriminated against one, because we are poor, second, because we are indigenous and because we are women,” Victoria Cumes Jochola, coordinator of Nuestra Voz, or Our Voice rights group, told the Thomson Reuters Foundation. TECPAN, Guatemala – An indigenous woman in Guatemala is more likely than all her fellow citizens to be sick, illiterate, poor and overwhelmed by too many unplanned children. The packed courtroom erupted into cheers as Barrios said that both men would serve 30 years for crimes against humanity.
Her main task as a criminologist was to take photographs of victims of violence and the scenes where it had taken place. She always said that her work gave a voice to people who had had their lives stolen from them. She was murdered by death squads on September 11, 1990—two days after her pioneering research was published in English. The research shed light on how indigenous populations were displaced or killed due to the Guatemalan government and U.S.-sponsored counterinsurgency practices. Myrna Mack Chang was an anthropologist of Chinese and Mayan descent who worked for the rights of Indigenous peoples during Guatemala’s civil war. During the Second World War, she fought against police brutality against Latinx peoples. In 1950, after receiving threats against her work, she received a deportation order from U.S. authorities due to her past involvement with the Communist Party.
This also raises serious questions about the willingness and capacity to prioritize and adjudicate complaints of gender-based violence in ordinary courts. Inspired by the work of civil society women leaders in Guatemala, this profile focuses on the achievements and mutual support that connect the women’s organizations that belong to the Guatemalan Women’s Group , an umbrella organization based in the capital Guatemala City. GGM’s mission is to support women’s organizations across the country, providing much-needed services to women survivors of gender-based violence. In Guatemala, there is growing support for policies that promote equitable gender-based access to political power, education, and the ownership of land. Other proportional representation democracies in Latin America have codified women’s political representation by passing legislation mandating that parties include a minimum percentage of female candidates on their ballots. These measures could impact the root causes of sexual assault and interfamilial violence identified herein. Lobbying leaders in our home countries to support such policies abroad is a powerful tool.
In the Xalapán mountain, she started to question Indigenous forms of machismo and worked with other women in the community to raise awareness against gender violence and political inequality in the community. After she got several death threats due to her feminist and land rights work, the community—overwhelmingly led by men—forced her to leave. By then, she had increasingly asserted that Indigenous lands cannot be defended without including the fight for the respect for Indigenous women’s bodies.
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This component also includes data analysis and evaluation of the implementation of policies and laws that aim to reduce high rates of impunity that characterize crimes against women. It will continue joining the efforts to integrate the gender perspective and address gender violence in the HIV interagency group. The general objective is guarantee women’s rights through empowerment, facilitating their participation and to reap benefits from the national development process. The program aims to strengthen national capacities to comply with institutional obligations regarding the rights of women, in line with international conventions and standards. To monitor the implementation of the recommendations provided by human rights entities, an alliance was established with OHCHR to strengthen the capacities of the Ombudsman Office, and to reinforce the institutional framework of women and civil society. The main cooperation relationships include the Peace Building Fund Department of State and Justice Rapid Response .
The CHC recognizes that the figures on sexual violence are underestimated in relation to other human rights violations, and reports that 2.38% of all the 42,275 registered human rights violations correspond to sexual violence. Only 285 cases of the 1,465 reported at the time, could be documented by the Commission. The demand of the women for transforming justice embodied in the 2008 Huehuetenango Declaration, concluded in 2011 with the First Court of Conscience On Sexual Violence Against Women in Guatemala.
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A study showed that, in recent months, women held proportionally less management positions in German companies than men. More women have faced challenges to advance their careers while they take care of their children in lockdown.
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For indigenous women, the percentage was smaller, with only three elected, lowering their representation from 2.5 percent to 1.8 percent. Of the 333 mayoral races that year, only seven women were victorious, none of them indigenous. Female victims of sexual slavery covered in scarfs raise their hands at the verdict in the trial of two military officials in Guatemala City. Former military commissioner Heriberto Valdez Asij was jailed for 240 years for crimes against humanity and the forced disappearance of seven of the women’s husbands. Earlier in the morning, activists laid out 41 pairs of shoes in the plaza, each with a name of one of the teenage girls killed in the fire. A United Nations-backed truth commission concluded the army was responsible for 93 percent of atrocities, including acts of genocide.
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Regarding indigenous women organizations it includes the Articulated Agenda on Mayan, Garifunas and Xinka Women; they contributed to strengthen the National Policy for the Promotion and Comprehensive Development of Women and other sectoral policies. Really significant has been the participation of several women and indigenous organization in preparing Cairo +20, Beijing +20 and the Post 2015 Development Agenda. Through the Judicial system efforts have been made to address violence against women and stop the impunity levels related to it, specialized victim’s care, investigation and criminal prosecution units have been set up and also jurisprudential bodies. From January to June 2013, 38 femicides were reported and 19 firm sentences were issued by the specialized courts.
Hundreds of women rallied in the capital Manila protesting President Rodrigo Duterte for alleged abuses against women. The president has angered women’s rights groups since he took office in 2016 as he has repeatedly made jokes about rape. Today, Indigenous and Black women in Guatemala have been more visible while gaining more ground. They are redefining feminism, questioning racist structures, transforming justice systems and making great art. Backed by the United States, gendered violence, and an ongoing land grab on Indigenous territory.
After kidnapping and disappearing the men and burning down their families’ huts, the military forced their wives to work on the military detachment built in the Sepur Zarco community, in 1982. The women were organised into shifts to cook the soldiers’ food and wash their clothing. The purpose of the activity was to encourage the legal profession in Guatemala to take stronger leadership in tackling gender inequalities in the judicial sector.
“The poverty in Guatemala affects women most and hardest, especially indigenous women,” said Antonia Batz, 40, a midwife in Tecpan. Some eight million indigenous people live in Guatemala, most descendants of the Mayan civilization that once dominated Central America. The national maternal mortality rate in Guatemala is 140 per 100,000 births, compared to nine in the UK. source In the departments of Totonicapán and Quetzaltenango, where the Guardian visited, maternal mortality continues to be an issue. According to provisional Ministry of Health figures, in Totonicapán there were 21 maternal deaths in 2017, up from 16 the year before. There are 23,320 comadronas registered with the Guatemalan Ministry of Health and they are often older women.